Prehistory

c.5000-2000 BCE

Archaeological discoveries in Saudi Arabia have helped chart over 200,000 years of human activity, including stone tools from the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic periods in AlUla. Rock art and monumental stone structures give clues to the lives and experiences of the people in later prehistoric times.

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Ancient Kingdoms of North Arabia

600 BCE

The Kingdoms of Dadan and Lihyan remain shrouded in mystery. However, archaeological excavations are deepening our knowledge of early architecture, craftsmanship, beliefs and practices, and water management - evidence that a sophisticated and skilled society once lived here.

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The Age of the Nabataeans

200000 BCE - 6 BCE

Hegra, founded in the first century BCE, was an important Nabataean city. Its strategic location gave its leaders control over the ancient Incense Road from southern Arabia north to Egypt, the Mediterranean, Mesopotamia and beyond. Archaeology is shedding light on the lives and legacies of this place of heritage and its intercultural connections.

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The Islamic Era

622 CE Hijra

The Old Town of AlUla was inhabited from at least the 12th century until the 1980s. This historical landmark has been documented by generations of explorers and pilgrims, noting the hospitable landscape, weather and people.

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Journey through time

From prehistoric civilisations to ancient kingdoms, explore AlUla, a unique archaeological landscape and a living museum transformed through millennia.

Move the wheel to journey through time
Explore AlUla’s history
Prehistory
Ancient Kingdoms of North Arabia
The Age of the Nabataeans
The Islamic Era

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